December 1 In Civil War History

Discussion in 'On This Day' started by Jim Klag, Dec 1, 2019.

  1. Jim Klag

    Jim Klag Ike the moderator Staff Member Moderator

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    On this day in Civil War history
    Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
    December 1, 1826 - William Mahone, Major General (Confederate Army), born Southampton County, VA. (d. 1895)
    December 1, 1832 - Archibald Gracie III, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in New York City. (d. 1864)
    December 1, 1835 - Micah Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born on Edisto Island, SC. (d. 1864)
    December 1, 1860 - Robert Anderson makes his third request for reinforcements at Fort Moultrie.
    December 1, 1861 - Skirmishes near Camp Goggin, KY. (Dec 1-2)
    December 1, 1861 - Federal gunboat demonstrations on Fort Holt, KY.
    December 1, 1861 - Operations about Mills Springs and Somerset, KY, with Brig. Gen. Albin Schoeph, USA battling Brig. Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, CSA. (Dec 1-13)
    December 1, 1861 - Skirmish at Whippoorwill Creek, KY.
    December 1, 1861 - Skirmish at Shanghai, MO.
    December 1, 1861 - The hanging of the Pro-Union bridge-burners in East Tennessee. (Dec 1-12)
    December 1, 1862 - On the first day of the new Congress President Abraham Lincoln proposes 3 amendments to the U. S. Constitution. First, all slaves would be gradually emancipated until 1900. Second, slaves freed during the war would remain free. Third, the United States would pay for consensual colonization.
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Hudsonville, MS.
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmishes about Oxford, MS. (Dec 1-3)
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmish on the Yocknapatalfa, near Mitchell's Cross-Roads, MS.
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmish near Nolensville, TN.
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Beaver Dam Church, VA.
    December 1, 1862 - Federal reconnaissance to Grove Church, near Hartwood, VA.
    December 1, 1862 - Federal expedition to Westmoreland County, VA. (Dec 1-4)
    December 1, 1862 - Federal expedition toward Logan Court-House, WV. (Dec 1-10)
    December 1, 1862 - Skirmish at Romney, WV.
    December 1, 1863 - Battle of Ripley, Mississippi
    December 1, 1863 - In a letter to Jefferson Davis, Braxton Bragg admits that he (and Davis) erred in leaving him in command after Chickamauga.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish near Benton, AR.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, AR, with guerrillas.
    December 1, 1863 - Affairs at Mount Sterling and Jackson, KY, where Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, CSA, reports the Confederates attacked and burned $700,000 worth of stores at Mount Sterling and Jackson, capturing 250 horses, inflicting 100 Union casualties, without losing a man. (Dec 1-10)
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Salyersville, KY, as the Confederates attack the Union outpost there.
    December 1, 1863 - Federal operations about Natchez, MS, and skirmish (Dec 7), as Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson, USA, commanding the 17 US Army Corps, attacks Brig. Gen. Wirt Adams, CSA, at Camp Cotton, forcing a Confederate retreat. (Dec 1-10)
    December 1, 1863 - Affair with the Ponca Indians, near Niobrara, the Nebraska Territory.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Cedar Point, NC.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish near Maynardville, TN, with Maj. Gen. Ambrose E. Burnside, USA, the Knoxville, TN, Campaign.
    December 1, 1863 - Federal scouts from Pulaski, TN, and skirmishes, with Confederate cavalry near Florence and at Rawhide with Rebels prisoners.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish at Jennings' Farm, near Ely's Ford, VA.
    December 1, 1863 - Skirmish near Jonesville, VA, as the attacking Federal cavalry arriving from Cumberland Gap, force some of Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's, CSA, Cavalry to retreat in confusion, losing men, lives, horses, etc. to the Yankees.
    December 1, 1863 - The Army of the Potomac, under Maj. Gen. George G. Meade, USA, retires across the Rapidan River, after the Federal repulse at Mine Run, VA, and goes into winter quarters, ending the Mine Run Campaign that began on Nov 26.
    December 1, 1863 - Reputed Confederate spy, Belle Boyd, is released from prison at Washington, DC, and sent to Richmond, VA, due to her suffering from typhoid fever, and warned never to return to the Union lines.
    December 1, 1864 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
    December 1, 1864 - Operations in Central Arkansas. (Dec 1-31)
    December 1, 1864 - Federal expedition down the Arkansas River to Pine Bluff, AR.
    December 1, 1864 - Skirmish near Cypress Creek, Perry County, AR, with guerrillas.
    December 1, 1864 - Federal expedition against guerrillas from Helena, AR, to Friar's Point, MS. (Dec 1-5)
    December 1, 1864 - Skirmish at Millen's (or Shady) Grove, GA, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, has completed more than half of his March to the sea at Savannah, GA, facing little Confederate resistance along the way.
    December 1, 1864 - Operations in the vicinity of Waynesville, MO, with skirmish (Dec 2) on the Big Piney, with bushwhackers. (Dec 1-3)
    December 1, 1864 - Operations against Cheyenne Indians in the Nebraska Territory, with skirmish (Dec 8) 6 miles east of Plum Creek, with the Indians who attacked a wagon train. (Dec 1-31)
    December 1, 1864 - The designation of the Federal Dept. of the Susquehanna is changed to the Dept. of Pennsylvania.
    December 1, 1864 - Operations about Nashville, TN, where Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield, USA, combines forces with the well entrenched Maj. Gen. George Thomas, USA, against the pursuing Lieut. Gen. John B. Hood, CSA, and the Confederate Army of Tennessee, who is not far behind. (Dec 1-14)
    December 1, 1864 - Action of Owen's Cross-Roads, TN.
    December 1, 1864 - Federal expedition to Stony Creek Station, and skirmish, the Richmond, VA, Campaign.
    December 1, 1864 - President Abraham Lincoln appoints James Speed from Kentucky to replace Edward Bates, who recently resigned, as US Attorney General.
    December 1, 1876 - After two weeks of public hearings the Louisiana state "returning board" meets in secret session to decide the fate of votes in all counties. They disallow 13,211 votes for Tilden and 2,412 for Hayes.
    December 1, 1892 - Lucius E. Polk, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 59 in Columbia, TN.
     
  2. 5fish

    5fish Well-Known Member

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    There is a whole story behind these bridge-burners... Lincoln is even involved in it...

    The East Tennessee bridge burnings were a series of guerrilla operations carried out during the American Civil War by Union sympathizers in Confederate-held East Tennessee in 1861. The operations, planned by Carter County minister William B. Carter (1820–1902) and authorized by President Abraham Lincoln,[1] called for the destruction of nine strategic railroad bridges, followed by an invasion of the area by Union Army forces then in southeastern Kentucky. The conspirators managed to destroy five of the nine targeted bridges, but the Union Army failed to move, and would not invade East Tennessee until 1863, nearly two years after the incident.[1]

    The destruction of the bridges, all of which were quickly rebuilt, had almost no military impact. However, the attacks caused a shift in the way the Confederate authorities regarded East Tennessee's Union sympathizers.[1] Parts of the area were placed under martial law, and dozens of known Unionists were arrested and jailed. Several suspected bridge burners were tried and convicted, being sentenced to death. This, in turn, brought increased pressure on Lincoln to send Union troops to occupy East Tennessee.

    Need to read the link for there is a whole story the hunting them down the summary executions and so on...
    East Tennessee bridge burnings - Wikipedia

    Here is another Link: http://www.executedtoday.com/2012/12/11/1861-christopher-haun-potter-and-incendiarist/


    Here is a story about one the bridge burners for he was/is considered one of the greatest potters of the 19th century... WOW!

    LINK: https://www.greenevillesun.com/acce...cle_6af5916b-f77d-5ce4-82d3-9ccddcbe40f2.html

    Snip... need to read...

    If Haun’s work were placed beside that of some more modern leading potters, “it would not look out-of-place or dated,” Case said. “Haun’s pottery belongs, in my opinion, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.”

    Haun, though dead since 186
    1, was a man of the moment last month at Case’s Knoxville firm, where a piece of his work fetched a striking price at auction: $36,000.

    The dramatic death of Haun has tended to overshadow, historically speaking, his life as a potter.

    Haun was one of five pro-Union bridge burners who were hanged for conspiring, along with others in Greene County who have gone unidentified, to burn the railroad bridge over Lick Creek in November of 1861.

    Sanctioned by Lincoln himself, the plot was funded by the U.S. government. Bible said the funding of the scheme (including plans to burn several bridges in places other than Greene County) amounted to $2,000 in gold, which was conveyed to Northeast Tennessee by the Rev. William Carter. Carter was an area Unionist clergyman instrumental in launching and advancing the plot. The money seemingly never made it into the hands of the bridge burner families, and it is a mystery to this day as to what became of it.

    Arrests and trials followed, and Haun’s date with the gallows came on Dec. 11, 1861. Having been sworn into the United States Army at the beginning of the bridge-burning conspiracy, he was at the time of his death officially a private in Company F of the 2nd Tennessee Volunteer Infantry.

    The month before, other bridge burners had been hanged in Greeneville: father and son Jacob and Henry Harmon, Jacob M. Hinshaw, and Henry Fry.




     
  3. 5fish

    5fish Well-Known Member

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    There is a monument to the Bridge-burners...

    [​IMG]

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