February 11 In Civil War History

Discussion in 'On This Day' started by Jim Klag, Feb 11, 2020.

  1. Jim Klag

    Jim Klag Ike the moderator Staff Member Moderator

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    On this day in Civil War history
    Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
    February 11, 1790 - Benjamin Franklin presents a petition to the U. S. House asking that the importation of slaves be stopped immediately. It is the first petition to the House under the newly enacted First Amendment to the Constitution.
    February 11, 1811 - Alexander Stephens is born in a cabin on the Piedmont in Warren County, Georgia.
    February 11, 1812 - Benjamin Franklin Sands, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Baltimore, MD. (d. 1883)
    February 11, 1829 - William Anderson Pile, American politician, minister, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1889)
    February 11, 1840 - Samuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), born in Cumberland, MD. (d. 1884)
    February 11, 1861 - As President-elect Abraham Lincoln begins his journey to Washington D. C. from Springfield, Illinois, President-elect Jefferson Davis journeys from Vicksburg, Mississippi to Montgomery, Alabama to accept the Presidency of the Confederate States.
    February 11, 1861 - The Electoral College begins to meet amid fears of a show of force against the election of Abraham Lincoln. General Winfield Scott reinforces the city and the meeting occurs as planned. Vice-president John C. Breckinridge declares Lincoln the winner of the Election of 1860.
    February 11, 1861 - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
    February 11, 1862 - Bowling Green, KY, is evacuated by the Confederates, as Brig. Gen. John McClernand, USA, under Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, USA, move from Fort Henry (Foote), TN, while Union gunboats move toward Fort Donelson, TN.
    February 11, 1862 - Operations at Arkansas Pass, TX, by Maj. Daniel D. Shea, CSA. (Feb 11-13)
    February 11, 1863 - Brig. Gen. Rufus Saxton of the Union army in Beaufort, South Carolina, writes a report on the conduct of Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson’s new black regiment, the 1st So. Carolina Volunteers (U.S.)
    February 11, 1863 - This week Samuel Boykin, editor of Georgia Baptists’ Christian Index, speaks harshly of the growing problem of Confederate Army deserters.
    February 11, 1864 - Skirmish at Lake City, FL, with Brig. Gen. Truman Seymour, USA.
    February 11, 1864 - Skirmishes near Madisonville, LA, with loss of life.
    February 11, 1864 - Affair at Raiford's Plantation, near Byhalia, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
    February 11, 1864 - Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith's, USA, Cavalry finally advances from Collierville, near Memphis, TN, on his way to join up with Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
    February 11, 1864 - Federal descent upon Lamar, TX.
    February 11, 1864 - Brig. Gen. H. W. Gilmore's raid of Confederate irregulars on the Baltimore and the Ohio Railroad, at Brown's Shop, between Kearneysville and Duffield's Depot, WV, succeed in derailing the express passenger train west and robbing the crew and passengers.
    February 11, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
    February 11, 1865 - Skirmish at Clear Creek, AR.
    February 11, 1865 - Skirmish near Pine Bluff, AR.
    February 11, 1865 - Action near Sugar Loaf, NC.
    February 11, 1865 - Action at Aiken, SC, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman, USA, reaches the Augusta and Charleston Railroad, now in a position to attack the Confederates at Augusta, GA, and/or the Charleston, SC, vicinity.
    February 11, 1865 - February 11, 1865 - Attack on Battery Simkins, SC.
    February 11, 1865 - February 11, 1865 - Action at Johnson's Station, SC.
    February 11, 1865 - Skirmishes about Orangeburg, SC. (Feb 11-12)
    February 11, 1865 - Federal expedition from Bermuda Hundred to Fearnsville and to Smithfield, VA, finds no Confederate resistance of any kind in this area. (Feb 11-15)
    February 11, 1865 - Affair at Williamsburg, VA, as the Rebel Cavalry forces, dressed in Union garb, attack the Union picket-post and charge upon the reserves, inflicting casualties, receiving some in return.
    February 11, 1878 - Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, dies at 75 in Hartford, CT.
    Last edited: Feb 12, 2020 at 1:55 PM
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  2. 5fish

    5fish Well-Known Member

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    It is also called Aiken S.C. as well ... shows the two together and I check a map too...

    https://books.google.com/books?id=q...&q=johnson's station sc near aiken sc&f=false

    Some call it a battle... wiki...

    The Battle of Aiken (also known as the Action at Aiken) occurred on February 11, 1865, as General William Tecumseh Sherman made his way across South Carolina. The principal commanders were Union Maj. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick and Confederate Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler. Wheeler was able to score a minor victory over Kilpatrick. Today an annual re-enactment is held the final full weekend in February.

    Rebels claim victory...

    Terror in Aiken
    Just two months before the end of the war, Aiken residents lived in terror. South Carolina Governor Francis Pickens had sanctioned the start of conflict, and the people of South Carolina and her sister state Georgia suffered for that action. Union General William Tecumseh Sherman and his troops burned and destroyed houses, farms and factories on his "March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah. While resting his troops in Savannah, Sherman reportedly declared, "When I go through South Carolina, it will be one of the most horrible things in the history of the world. The devil himself could not restrain my men in that state." Sherman fixed his sights on the capital of South Carolina. Columbia would pay the debt he believed the South owed the Union.

    Sherman sent a detachment of the Fifth U.S. Calvary, led by General Judson Kilpatrick, toward Aiken, burning the towns of Blackville and Barnwell along the way. General Kilpatrick’s soldiers were sent to destroy the railroad all the way to Hamburg; the textile mills in Graniteville, which made cloth for Confederate uniforms; and the paper mill in Bath (located west of Aiken), which made paper for Confederate money. Sherman also ordered them to destroy a powderworks plant in Augusta that made crucial gunpowder for the Confederate army.

    The Confederates Win a Battle
    Kilpatrick entered the village of Aiken on February 11, 1865, expecting no obstacles. To his surprise, he was greeted by the Confederate detachment led by General Joseph Wheeler.

    General Wheeler set up his headquarters at 204 Park Avenue, a modest yellow frame house with an open porch built in 1860. Although Federal soldiers outnumbered Confederates by nearly 1,000 men, Wheeler counted on the element of surprise to push back Kilpatrick’s attack. He stationed his men at the old freight depot on Williamsburg Avenue.

    Wheeler’s plan would have worked flawlessly except for a premature shot accidentally issued by one of his men that alerted the advancing troops. Despite the mishap, Wheeler attacked. Most of the action occurred on Richland Street in front of the First Baptist Church. Fifty-nine shells were fired on the village of Aiken. But the Federal troops retreated after several hours of fighting, and General Wheeler claimed the victory in “The Battle of Aiken.”
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