February 13 In Civil War History

Discussion in 'On This Day' started by Jim Klag, Feb 13, 2020 at 3:39 PM.

  1. Jim Klag

    Jim Klag Ike the moderator Staff Member Moderator

    Messages:
    603
    Likes Received:
    199
    on this day 3.jpg
    On this day in Civil War history
    Compiled by Mitchell Werksman and Jim Klag
    February 13, 1819 - Outgoing House member James Tallmadge of New York presents an amendment to the Missouri statehood bill requiring Missouri to halt the further introduction of slaves to the territory and to provide for the gradual emancipation of the slaves already there. Name frequently listed as Talmadge (a 20th century Georgia Senator) and the date occasionally listed as February 14, the day debate began on the amendment).
    February 13, 1819 - Bill permitting Missouri to draw up a state constitution to be admitted to the Union comes to the floor of the House.
    February 13, 1831 - John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt. Major General (Union Army), born in Galena, IL. (d. 1869)
    February 13,1833 - William Whedbee Kirkland, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Hillsboro, North Carolina (d. 1915)
    February 13, 1861 - The U. S. Electoral College makes Lincoln's electoral win official.
    February 13, 1861 - President-elect Abraham Lincoln addresses the Ohio State Legislature, at Columbus, OH.
    February 13, 1861 - In Richmond, former President John Tyler and former Virginia governor Henry Wise lead the notables who meet for the first time as Virginia's secessionist convention.
    February 13, 1861 - Colonel Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Apaches. First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor.
    February 13, 1862 - February 16, 1862 - Battle of Ft. Donelson. General Ulysses S. Grant demands the unconditional surrender of the garrison from an old friend, Simon Bolivar Buckner.
    February 13, 1862 - James Ronald Chalmers, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
    February 13, 1862 - Joseph Brevard Kershaw, CSA, is appointed Brig. Gen.
    February 13, 1862 - Skirmish at Fort Heiman, KY, due to the Fort Donelson, TN, siege, with Lieut. Col. J. H. Miller, CSA, 1st Battalion Mississippi Cavalry, defending.
    February 13, 1862 - Federal occupation of Springfield, MO.
    February 13, 1862 - Skirmish at Blooming Gap, VA.
    February 13, 1863 - President Lincoln is visited by diminutive circus performer General Tom Thumb and his wife.
    February 13, 1863 - Skirmish near Washington, NC, as Union cavalry surprise and capture the Confederate's outpost picket headquarters and men.
    February 13, 1863 - The USS Indianola successfully sails past the Vicksburg, MS, shore batteries as so many other Union vessels have done.
    February 13, 1863 - Federal expedition from La Grange, TN, to Mount Pleasant and Lamar, MS. (Feb 13-14)
    February 13, 1863 - Skirmish at Dranesville, VA.
    February 13, 1864 - Federal expedition from Helena up the Saint Francis River, AR, with a large amount of Confederate prisoners taken. (Feb 13-14)
    February 13, 1864 - Skirmishes at Pease Creek, FL. (Feb 13-14)
    February 13, 1864 - Skirmishes between Chunky Creek and Meridian, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition. (Feb 13-14)
    February 13, 1864 - Skirmish at Wyatt, MS, the Meridian, MS, Expedition.
    February 13, 1864 - Skirmish in Fentress County, TN.
    February 13, 1864 - Federal scout near Knoxville, TN, to within sight of the Rebel camp, with no enemy encounters.
    February 13, 1865 - The siege of Petersburg is ongoing.
    February 13, 1865 - Maj. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis, USA, assumes the command of the Dept. of the Northwest, consisting of the Colorado Territory.
    February 13, 1865 - Action at Station Four, FL, as the 2nd US Colored Infantry contribute their quota of dead privates today, as the Yankees' path of destruction in this area is contested today by the Confederates, Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, CSA, commanding the District of Florida, fighting a losing battle.
    February 13, 1865 - Skirmish with bushwhackers in Mississippi County, MO.
    February 13, 1865 - Federal expedition from Camp Russell (near Winchester) to Strasburg, Edenburg and Little Fort Valley, VA, and skirmishes with Brig. Gen. John McCausland's, CSA, Cavalry, with fatalities on both sides. (Feb 13-17)
    February 13, 1866 - Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri.
    February 13, 1891 - David Dixon Porter, United States Navy admiral, dies at 77 in Washington, DC.
    February 13, 1897 - Joseph O. Shelby, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 66 in Adrian, Missouri.
    February 13, 1968 - Ford's Theater reopens to the public.
     
  2. 5fish

    5fish Well-Known Member

    Messages:
    1,245
    Likes Received:
    1,020
    It another action referred to as a battle... https://www.exploresouthernhistory.com/stationfour.html

    Florida's Swamp Fox in Action
    The Battle of Station Four was an action of
    the War Between the States (or Civil War). It
    took place on February 13, 1865, near Cedar
    Key, Florida.

    The battle takes its name from Station Four,
    a stop on the railroad leading from Cedar
    Key to Fernandina in Florida. The station was
    just a spot where trains could stop to take on
    passengers or cargo. It was located on the
    shore of the Number Four Channel, the
    waterway that separates the Cedar Keys
    from the mainland of Florida.

    The Battle of Station Four marked the end of
    a Union raid that began four days earlier.
    Major Edmund C. Weeks had taken 186 men
    from the Second Florida Cavalry (U.S.) and
    200 men from the Second U.S. Colored
    Infantry (2nd USCT) inland from Cedar Key
    on February 9, 1865.

    After crossing the bridge across Number
    Four Channel to the mainland of Levy County,
    he divided his command into two columns.
    Major Benjamin Lincoln of the 2nd USCT
    struck a Confederate camp at Clay Landing
    on the Suwannee River while Major Weeks
    led the second column in person up the
    railroad to Levyville. The community was
    between today's cities of Bronson and
    Chiefland.

    The swampy terrain tired out the men of
    Weeks' column, which was further weakened
    because the major had to detach soldiers to
    guard prisoners and the 50 African American
    slaves liberated by the Federal troops. After
    penetrating as far as he thought advisable,
    the Union commander ordered his men to
    begin their return march to Cedar Key.

    As the Federals started to withdraw, however,
    they were attacked by a mere handful of
    Confederate cavalrymen. The attack was
    beaten back, but two Union soldiers were
    wounded. The aggressive charge by the
    outnumbered Confederates was just the
    beginning of a disaster for Weeks' command.

    The small detachment of Confederates that
    attacked the Union column at Levyville was
    the advance guard of a force of 145 men
    being rushed to the scene of the raid by the
    famed Swamp Fox of Florida, Captain J.J.
    Dickison of the Second Florida Cavalry (C.S.).

    The Union column reached Number Four at
    3 p.m. on Sunday, February 12, 1865. The
    raid had netted Weeks a herd of 100
    confiscated cattle, several wagons, 50
    escaped slaves, 13 stolen horses and five
    prisoners of war.

    Apparently believing that any danger had
    pased, Major Weeks crossed the trestle to
    Cedar Key with the prisoners and some of
    his men. The rest of his command was left
    behind at Station Four under Lt. E. Pease of
    the 2nd Florida Cavalry (U.S.).

    Captain Dickison's Confederates, however,
    were approaching fast. Leaving 25 men to
    the rear to hold the horses, he led forward a
    battle line of 120 men at dawn on Monday
    morning, February 13, 1865. The Southern
    troops were angry over the damage caused
    to civilian property by the Union raid and were
    spoiling for a fight.

    Dickison's command was a fairly mixed little
    army. Included were 52 men from Company
    H, 2nd Florida Cavalry (C.S.), 18 men from
    Company B, 2nd Florida Cavalry (C.S.), 20
    men from Company H, 5th Florida Cavalry
    (C.S.), 18 men from the Special Battalion of
    Florida Cavalry (C.S.) and 37 men from
    various units of the 1st Florida Reserves
    (C.S.). Four different captains command the
    variety of detachments. The Swamp Fox also
    had a single 12-pounder cannon.

    The Battle of Station Four began at 7 a.m.
    Federal pickets saw the Confederate line
    coming and opened fire. Dickison was short
    on ammunition for both his small arms and
    cannon, but opened a fierce fire on the Union
    troops.

    Lieutenant Pease and about 30 men used
    the railroad embankment as a breastwork
    but the rest of the Union force retreated

    Major Weeks was in Cedar Key when he
    heard the sounds of battle. Rushing back to
    Station Four, he "found our men flying in all
    directions." At the island end of the trestle
    over Number Four Channel he found about
    60 men from the 2nd Florida Cavalry (U.S.)
    still in some form of order.

    The major led the dismounted cavalrymen
    forward, coming under heavy fire from the
    lone Confederate cannon. The Southern
    gunners were alternating their fire between
    the force accompanying weeks and the 30 or
    so Union soldiers under Lt. Pease still
    holding the railroad embankment.

    What happened next depends on which
    version the battle you chose to accept.
    Dickison said that he withdrew slightly due to
    an ammunition shortage after killing,
    wounding or capturing 70 men. The rest of
    the Federals left the battle precipitately."

    Confederate losses were reported as 5 men
    wounded, although this was adjusted in a
    later account to 6 men wounded. Dickison
    was able to recapture the cattle, horses,
    wagons and other items stolen during the
    Union raid.

    Major Weeks gave a different account of the
    Battle of Station Four. According to his report,
    Lt. Pease led a bold counter-attack with only
    30 men that forced Dickison's Confederates
    to withdraw. Weeks crossed the trestle just
    as this attack was taken place and then
    withdrew all of his men across the channel.
    He reported his losses as 5 killed, 17
    wounded and three captured.

    The sharp fight at Station Four took place
    shortly before the Union expedition that
    ended at the Battle of Natural Bridge just
    three weeks later. Weeks and many of his
    men also took part in that encounter.

    The battlefield at Station Number Four has
    not been developed, but can be viewed from
    the public dock on the island side of Number
    Four Channel. Turn left to the dock just after
    acrossing the State Road 24 bridge over the
    channel. The battlefield is directly across the
    water from the end of the dock.

    There are no markers or interpretive facilities
    on the battlefield itself, but you can learn
    more at the Cedar Key Museum in downtown
    Cedar Key and at the nearby Cedar Key
    Museum State Park
    on 166th Court.
     
  3. 5fish

    5fish Well-Known Member

    Messages:
    1,245
    Likes Received:
    1,020
    Here is an OR report that mentions it... http://www.civilwardata.com/active/hdsquery.dll?RegimentHistory?171&U


    Report of Maj. Edmund C. Weeks, Second Florida Cavalry (Union.)

    HDQRS. U. S. FORCES,
    Cedar Keys, Fla., February 16, 1865.
    SIR: I have the honor to report for the information of the commanding
    general that an expedition was made by the forces under my command,
    consisting of 186 men of the Second Regt. Florida Cavalry and 200
    men of the Second Regt. U. S. Colored Infantry, under Maj.
    Lincoln, through Levy County to Levyville and Clay Landing, agreeably
    to the plan submitted to you in my letter of the 8th of February, 1865.
    Left this post Wednesday morning, February 8, 1865; six miles from
    Station Four succeeded in capturing 3 men and 4 horses, a portion of a
    cavalry picket of seven men stationed at Yearty's. Hurried to Levyville
    in one day. Arrived there Friday morning, February 10, and captured
    10 horses, some 50 contrabands, and a wagon. The force under Maj.
    Lincoln surprised, but did not succeed in capturing the company at Clay
    Landing; they made their escape across the river in boats. He destroyed
    a good amount of commissary stores and other Government supplies.
    The road to Bronson being most of the way through swamp, and being
    obliged to detach the most of one company to guard prisoners and
    contrabands, I concluded to return to Station Four. Upon leaving
    Levyville my rear guard was attack by a squad of fifteen cavalrymen;
    two of my men were wounded, one severely. The enemy lost at least
    one man and several horses. I was not molested
    again during my march, although their scouts were constantly in sight
    in our rear. Arrived at Station Four at 3 p. m. on Sunday, February 12,
    with 100 head of cattle, several wagons, 50 contrabands, 13 horses, 5
    prisoners, and every man I took out with me; all in excellent spirits.
    Sent the prisoners to Depot Key, posted pickets, left Capt. E. Pease,
    Second U. S. Colored Infantry, in command, and then went to the Key
    for the purpose of hurrying up transportation for the wounded soldiers,
    contrabands, and the beef, and also to make preparations more complete
    to finish the raid to Bay Port which I had commenced. At 7 [o'clock]
    Monday morning, February 13, heard heavy firing at Station Four.
    Returned there as soon as possible; found our men flying in all
    directions; left an officer to halt and bring them up. Upon arriving at the
    trestle this side of Station Four I found some sixty of the Second Florida
    Cavalry. I immediately pushed them across the bridge (the enemy were
    in possession of the end next to Station Four). At this time Capt.
    Pease, with about forty men, all that remained with him, charged at the
    enemy who were making an attack on our camp. The enemy, from 250
    to 300 strong, with two pieces of artillery, commenced giving way. We
    took the bridge, and as soon as possible after crossing I deployed my
    men on the right and left of the road as skirmishers; drove the enemy
    gradually back until they broke and took to flight . I followed them
    about two miles; mounted some half dozen men, under Lieut.
    Poole, Second Florida Cavalry, with orders to follow them until they
    halted for the night. (In the meantime I sent our wounded to Depot
    Key.) He followed them six miles, too Yearty's, where he could see
    they were re-enforced by a large body of infantry and were again
    marching out to meet, us moving down toward Station Four. I had
    collected and organized our scattered forces, and found I had about 250
    men. With that small force, considering the condition they were in, I did
    not deem it prudent to receive a night attack. I crossed the bridge, and
    about twenty minutes afterward the enemy moved into our camp. I have
    since learned that Gen. Miller arrived with 500 infantry and four
    pieces of artillery. The fight lasted from 7 a. m. to 12 m. The casualties
    on our side amounted to 1 officer wounded (Second Lieut. T.
    Killean, jr., Company G, Second U. S., Colored Infantry), 5 privates
    killed, 6 corporals and 11 privates wounded, 1 first sergeant and 2
    privates taken prisoners. I have not ascertained the losses of the enemy,
    though they left 2 of their killed on the field.

    Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
    EDMUND C. WEEKS,
    Maj. Second Florida Cavalry, Cmdg. Post.

    Capt. E. B. TRACY,
    A. A. A. G., Hdqrs. Dist. of Key West and Tortugas, Key West
    .
     
  4. Jim Klag

    Jim Klag Ike the moderator Staff Member Moderator

    Messages:
    603
    Likes Received:
    199
    5fish likes this.

Share This Page